EXERCISE AND DIABETES

Diabetes Mellitus occurs when the body produces insufficient insulin or is unable to utilise this hormone. The role of insulin is to allow glucose to enter all the cells of the body to be used as energy. When you have diabetes the glucose builds up in the blood rather than moving into the cells, often leading to serious health problems.

  Type 1 diabetes occurs when no insulin is produced by the pancreas.
  Type 2 occurs when the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or the cells within the body do not uptake the insulin.

At Hillcliff Personal Training we have trainers who specialise in working with clients who have both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Benefits of exercise

Studies show a clear inverse relationship between the development of Type 2 diabetes and physical activity levels. Yet another fantastic reason to take up an exercise programme. Exercise increases sensitivity to insulin, resulting in a more efficient use of glucose. By keeping weight down it reduces the body’s need for insulin. Exercise also:

  lowers levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol and increases HDL (good) cholesterol
  lowers blood pressure
  lowers blood sugar levels
  gives greater glycaemic control
  reduces body fat
  builds lean muscle mass
  reduces stress
  improves circulation
  reduces cardiovascular risk

Because regular exercise reduces insulin resistance, it tackles the root cause of Type 2 diabetes.

exercise and diabetes

Exercise checklist for diabetics

  Check your blood sugar level before and after exercising and monitor the results
  Ensure you drink plenty of fluid before, during and after exercising
  Always include a warm up and cool down in your session
  Keep a fast acting carbohydrate to hand in case blood sugar level drops too low
  Check your feet for blisters or sores before and after exercising
  Wear the correct shoes and socks

If you currently have diabetes, or think that you may be in a high risk group then please contact us at Hillcliff Personal Training. We can provide a structured exercise programme to help you manage the condition or take preventative measures to minimise your risks.

© Hillcliff Personal Training 2012
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